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Trafalgar Square

Trafalgar SquareTrafalgar Square - Description:

Trafalgar Square is located to the east of Buckingham Palace at the far end of the ceremonial road The Mall.

The central 43 metre high granite Nelson’s Column was completed in 1843 to commemorate Horatio Nelson’s naval victory over the French off Cape Trafalgar in 1805. The statue of Nelson atop the column faces southwest down The Mall towards Buckingham Palace which became the official residence and headquarters of the monarch on the accession to the throne of Queen Victoria in 1837 six years before the completion of the column.

The four monumental bronze lions which are set at each of the four corners of the plinth of the column were designed by Edwin Landseer and added in 1867.

The square has two large fountains and a number of statues. One of the plinths is reserved for contemporary art with specially commissioned exhibits displayed on a temporary basis.

Trafalgar Square - Around the Square:

To the north of the square and raised well above its level is the National Gallery and the terrace outside affords good views over the square.

To the north east is the church of St Martin in the Fields.

To the east is South Africa House (the High Commission of South Africa).

To the south is Whitehall with the Houses of Parliament at the far end.

To the south west is Admiralty Arch with The Mall beyond leading to Buckingham Palace.

To the west is Canada House (the High Commission of Canada).

Statue of Charles ITrafalgar Square - Revolution:

Trafalgar Square - Website:

Trafalgar Square - Getting There: